If you’re not planning your day out in advance, you’re not being nearly as productive as you could be. Use this method to maximize your time.
This post originally appeared on .
The image below shows my plan for a random Wednesday last month. My plan was captured on a single sheet of 24-pound paper in a .
This page is divided into two columns. In the left column, I dedicated two lines to each hour of the day and then divided that time into blocks labeled with specific assignments. In the right column, I add explanatory notes for these blocks where needed:
Notice that I leave some extra room next to my time blocks. This allows me to make corrections as needed if the day unfolds in an unexpected way:
I call this planning method time blocking. I take time blocking seriously, dedicating 10 to 20 minutes every evening to building my schedule for the next day. During this planning process, I consult my task lists and calendars, as well as my weekly and quarterly planning notes. My goal is to make sure progress is being made on the right things at the right pace for the relevant deadlines.
This type of planning, to me, is like a chess game, with blocks of work getting spread and sorted in such a way that projects big and small all seem to click into completion with (just enough) time to spare.
Sometimes people ask why I bother with such a detailed level of planning. My answer is simple: it generates a massive amount of productivity. A 40 hour time-blocked work week, I estimate, produces the same amount of output as a 60+ hour work week pursued without structure. ( to Tweet this figure.)
Sometimes people ask how time blocking can work for reactive work, where you can’t tell in advance what obligations will enter your life on a given day. My answer is, again, simple: periods of open-ended reactivity can be blocked off like any other type of obligation. Even if you’re blocking most of your day for reactive work, for example, the fact that you’re controlling your schedule will allow you to dedicate some small blocks (perhaps at the schedule periphery) to deeper pursuits.
Another smart strategy in this context is to give open-ended reactive blocks secondary purposes For example, “process client requests; if I have downtime during this block, work on project X.”
Sometimes people ask if controlling time will stifle creativity. I understand this concern, but it’s fundamentally misguided. If you control your schedule, 1) you can ensure that you consistently dedicate time to the deep efforts that matter for creative pursuits; and 2) the stress relief that comes from this sense of organization allows you to go deeper in your creative blocks and produce more value.
If you’re still worried, read Mason Currey’s . Very few of the world-famous creatives he profiled adopted an “I’ll work when I feel inspired” attitude; they instead controlled their day so they could control their art.
In the context of work, uncontrolled time makes me uncomfortable. If you’re serious about working deeply and producing high-end value, it should probably make you uncomfortable as well. Using your inbox to drive your daily schedule might be fine for the entry-level or those content with a career of cubicle-dwelling mediocrity, but the best knowledge workers view their time like the best investors view their capital: as a resource to wield for maximum returns.
Cal Newport is the author of , which argues that “follow your passion” is bad advice.